“ME DECÍAN QUE…”
Están todas invitadas a participar. Hagamos sonar nuestras voces y propongamos nuevas fronteras.
LOS ORÍGENES DEL FUTBOL FEMENIL ORGANIZADO
Una fina fotografía de Getty Images más esta hermosa pieza acerca del recuento de la incursión de la mujer en el futbol, es lo que pertenece al trabajo que hace la FIFA previo a la Copa Mundial Femenina en Canadá 2015. UNA IMPERDIBLE:
Aunque su crecimiento más notable se haya producido en las últimas décadas, el fútbol femenino tiene unas raíces tan profundas como las del masculino: su primer partido oficial se disputó el 23 de marzo de 1895.
Ya en la década de 1880 se habían entablado varios encuentros, pero por diversas razones no pueden calificarse de partidos oficiales organizados. Por este motivo, el encuentro entre el North y el South en el campo del Crouch End Athletic, en Londres, ha pasado a la historia como el primero en su género.
A pesar de que el fútbol femenino era prácticamente inédito entonces, el partido atrajo a una cantidad de púbico que haría las delicias de muchos de los clubes actuales: algunos cronistas de la época indicaron que más 10.000 espectadores presenciaron el encuentro. El artículo que publicó el diario The Guardianinformaba de que muchos de aquellos aficionados, curiosos e intrigados por la posibilidad de ver a las mujeres practicando un deporte considerado principalmente un pasatiempo masculino en aquellos días, no llegaron a ver prácticamente nada de aquel encuentro.
“Muy pocos de los presentes pueden haber visto el partido, puesto que, con la excepción hecha de los afortunados ocupantes de la pequeña tribuna, los espectadores tuvieron que quedarse en pie en un terreno totalmente plano, sin bancales”, informaba (tal y como se puede apreciar en la ilustración del partido que publicamos aquí). “Pero además, en la pequeña tribuna destinada a la prensa no cabían ni siquiera diez periodistas”…
Texto original en:
Kit and a keeper catch the eye
Two things were almost universally reported though following the game. The first was the outstanding performance in goal by Mrs Graham for the North. The Standard described her display as “capital” and theMiddlesbrough Daily Gazette said that “had she been on the other side matters might have been reversed”.
The second was the infatuation with the idiosyncrasies of the kits they wore. Featuring blouses, caps and knickerbockers – a form of loose shorts often tied at the bottom – they were seen as something of a revolution as women had tended to wear long dresses even when competing in sport.
“I can only say that the impression left on my mind by the afternoon’s play was that it was an extremely pretty sight,” The Guardian reflected – named only as ‘a lady correspondent’ in what was a sign of the times over a century ago. “There is nothing ungraceful in a girl kicking a football when she has got rid of the skirts which make the action hideous.”
The Manchester-based newspaper was optimistic about the future of women’s part to play in sport, writing that “there is no reason why the game should not be annexed by women for their own use as a new and healthiful form of recreation”. However, in an example of the intolerance women have had to, and on occasion still, face, others were less than positive about the dawn of the female game. “They cannot and never will play football as it should be played,” was the Bristol Mercury and Daily Post’s verdict. “For our part we are glad that women cannot play football. Even were they capable of it, the game would be essentially unsuitable to their sex.”
This match stands as a significant milestone in a long journey in the timeline of the women’s game, which has fought against bans and prejudice to climb to where it is today. When the FIFA Women’s World Cup™ is lifted in Canada on 5 July, the action there will be a direct result of this organised meeting in North London.
TEXTO ORIGINAL EN INGLÉS:
FIFA BUSCA MUJERES LÍDERES
Se darán becas a entrenadoras con licencia B para adquirir licencia A
Por Olga Trujillo
Mujeres que apoyan a otras mujeres parten de un concepto básico: solidaridad. El evento de la campaña FIFA Live Your Goals llevado a cabo en México contó con la participación de Mayrilian Cruz, Directora del Desarrollo del Futbol Femenil en la FIFA. Durante su ponencia la directiva destacó que precisamente con esta gira se pretende aterrizar objetivos: promover el futbol femenino, la Copa Mundial Femenina y a las selecciones clasificadas, despertar el interés en el futbol femenino y ayudar a las asociaciones miembro clasificadas en su futuro desarrollo.
Las puertas de la FIFA con el mensaje de “se aceptan mujeres” están abiertas. No sólo Mayrilian sino otras miembros de dicho organismo desde el 2013 están haciendo su trabajo desde el Comité Ejecutivo; nombres como el de Lydia Nsequera, Moya Dodd y Sonia Bien Aimé son apenas un pequeño comienzo del paso gigante que se pretende dar. “Hoy es el momento para que eso suceda. Por ejemplo también queremos que haya más entrenadoras, entre más habrá haya más ejemplos. Estamos intentando dar becas a mujeres incluso con licencia B para que adquieran una licencia A, puedan progresar y tener un mejor nivel que les posibilite entrenar equipos nacionales”, dice Mayrilian a Diosas Olímpicas.
Otro de los planes se trata de que “a partir del 2015 hemos lanzado un programa para desarrollar líderes mujeres en el futbol, no sólo como jugadoras sino que puedan participar a nivel de presidencia a nivel de Comité Ejecutivo, directivo y lo que haremos es invitarlas a que vayan a Zúrich donde trabajaremos con instituciones especializadas en el desarrollo de liderazgo y así capacitar a esas líderes femeninas del futuro en el futbol”.
Mayrilian considera que el hecho de tener programas de ese tipo hablan de una búsqueda en el “equilibrio de género”, aunque aún hay mucho por hacer pues sólo el siete por ciento de entrenadores registrados en FIFA son mujeres, es numero muy pequeño, sólo el diez por ciento son árbitras registradas a nivel mundial, sólo un ocho por ciento a niveles altos de decisión y por eso desde la FIFA queremos hacer que esto cambie”, apuntó.
La representante de la FIFA destacó también la labor de la difusión del futbol femenil “por ejemplo en las Copas Mundiales queremos que más y más sean las mujeres las que participen y reporteen con la FIFA para promover al futbol femenino” la coincidencia recae en que “siempre decimos que tienen que existir mujeres” pues de acuerdo a Mayrilian también desde los medios de comunicación se ejerce una influencia “niñas y jugadoras verán esto, dirán ‘si al final no puedo ser entrenadora puedo ser reportera’.
Por último la impulsora del deporte femenil de FIFA respondió respecto al tema de si el futbol ‘vende o no’ respondió: “yo creo que sí, pero esta área no ha sido explotada como debe ser; más y más los patrocinadores y las personas que pueden invertir se están dando cuenta el potencial del futbol femenino”.
Sigue a @diosasolimpicas
COPA MUNDIAL FEMENINA VISITA AUSTRALIA Y VENDRÁ A MÉXICO
La Copa Mundial Femenina de la FIFA 2015 se paseó este fin de semana en Melbourne como parte de la Gira Live Your Goals por lo que algunas de las Matildas — primera selección australiana que se proclamó campeona de Asia en 2010– tuvieron la oportunidad de observar de cerca y en persona el trofeo por el que pugnarán en Canadá.
La gira, que previamente había aterrizado en Auckland y luego lo hará en Bangkok, está visitando a todas las asociaciones miembro que se han clasificado para Canadá 2015, con el fin de promocionar un campeonato que comenzará en poco más de cuatro meses. Así, el sábado tuvo lugar un acto formal en el Crown Casino de Melbourne, a orillas del río Yarra, mientras que el domingo se celebró un festival Live Your Goals (el segundo de ese tipo realizado en Australia) y el 27 de febrero llegará a México para ser mostrada en el Centro de Alto Rendimiento (CAR).
Un sueño al alcance de la mano
Al acto del sábado comparecieron un montón de personalidades locales e invitados especiales, como el seleccionador femenino de Australia, Alen Stajcic; la responsable de Fútbol Femenino de la Federación Australiana de Fútbol (FFA), Emma Highwood; y la ex internacional australiana y actual directiva de la FFA Moya Dodd, que también ejerce como miembro cooptada del Comité Ejecutivo de la FIFA, presidenta del Grupo de Trabajo del Fútbol Femenino de la FIFA y vicepresidenta de la AFC.
Sin embargo, para tres de las asistentes, la presencia del trofeo tuvo seguramente una trascendencia mayor. La portera Brianna Davey, la zaguera Steph Catley y la centrocampista Elise Kellond-Knight estuvieron presentes, y las tres se perfilan como figuras clave de Australia en la cita canadiense. Para Kellond-Knight, una zurda elegante y de buen manejo del balón que causó sensación en su debut mundialista hace cuatro años en Alemania, el trofeo fue un recordatorio tangible e incluso emotivo de lo que les espera en unos pocos meses.
“Ver el trofeo tan de cerca y en persona nos puso la carne de gallina”, declaraba Kellond-Knight a FIFA.com. “Estuvimos hablando de que representa la cima, y de que por eso entrenamos y dedicamos tanto tiempo al fútbol… para intentar conseguir metas así”.
CAMPAÑA RUMBO A COPA MUNDIAL FEMENINA FIFA 2015 “EN MÉXICO”
11 febrero 2015.- Se acerca la Copa Mundial Femenina de la FIFA en Canadá 2015 y las voces de las mujeres alrededor del mundo apasionadas de este deporte han comenzado a unir lazos de solidaridad para hacer visible un evento que ni en Canadá parece tener la repercusión justa ni por tratarse de una competencia mundialista, es decir, “hay personas que ni siquiera saben que la Copa Mundial Femenina será aquí”, dice Beatriz Velez antropóloga colombiana que vive en Canadá e investigadora del futbol femenil desde hace 20 años.
A pesar de que hay todavía varios frentes que cubrir, uno en el que se está trabajando es en la promoción del futbol femenil a través de la realización de una campaña global que se llevará a cabo de manera itinerante en Canadá, Alemania, Estados Unidos, Brasil, Argentina y México a partir de mayo del presente año.
Es un hecho que Diosas Olímpicas estará presente y junto con las creadoras de futfemenil.com estaremos organizando todo lo relativo a la campaña que forma parte de un movimiento que busca promover el futbol femenil y la justicia de género. Pronto estaremos dando sede y fechas exactas para que aficionados y aficionadas del futbol femenil se integren a esta lucha.
Por lo pronto les dejamos esta historia de una de las mujeres que forman parte de la campaña y que estará presente en el contenido de la exhibición (de la cual hablaremos después). Se trata de Honey Thaljieh, una de las fundadoras del equipo nacional de Palestina y la primera capitana del mismo y quien habló nada más que para el periódico El País.
HONEY THALJIEH: PALESTINA, ÁRABE Y CRISTIANA
“Soy palestina, árabe, cristiana, mujer y juego al fútbol”. He aquí el conflicto, el punto de partida, el leitmotiv del relato de la vida de Honey Thaljieh (nacida en Belén hace 30 años), fundadora y primera capitana de la selección femenina de fútbol de Palestina, que ella misma narra con la solidez, la pausa y la intencionalidad de alguien que quiere mandar un mensaje de superación en cada frase. Por su destreza en la oratoria podría sonar a cantinela de autoayuda, a una cierta intención de imprimir un si luchas por tus sueños lo conseguirás, que puede llevar la conversación a una especie de discurso guionizado. Su historia, de hecho, ya forma parte del guión del documental Los rebeldes del fútbol 2, que recoge la vida de cinco figuras que se erigieron como héroes sociales a través del fútbol y que se proyectó el lunes en el Thinking Football Film Festivalde Bilbao, que continuará hasta el sábado.
“Estoy orgullosa de que me presenten como héroe social”, asegura, sonriente, en el hall de un hotel a pocos metros del Guggenheim, en Bilbao…
NEW INICIATIVE IN NIGERIAN SCHOOL
Nabiye Tal es miembro de nuestra campaña permanente, un trabajo que hacemos como activistas con el fin de visibilizar el futbol femenil en el mundo . Ella es de Nigeria y es co fundadora de una ONG llamada IEVAWC, una iniciativa para la eliminación en contra de las mujeres y niños. A diario Nabiye va a las escuelas con el fin de motivar a las niñas (principalmente) a luchar por sus derechos. Después de conocernos en Brasil prometió que intentaría introducir al futbol como una nueva herramienta de cambio social (entre mujeres), mismo que ella espera ver algún día en su país. Las siguientes son sus palabras diciéndonos acerca de sus avances:
Nabiye Tal is one of our permanent campaign, a work we do as activists in order to bring visibility to women’s football. She is from Nigeria and she is co founder of the IEVAWC, an Iniciative for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and Children. Every day she goes to schools and motivate girls (also boys) to fight for their rights. After we met in Brazil she promised she would try to introduce football as a new tool for the social change (among women) she is willing to see one day in her country. The next text are Nabiye words telling us about her updating:
“Hello Campaign Team, how is everyone doing? I trust great. Sorry it took me such a long time to get back to you. When I returned back to country, I realized that it is not as easy as it seems to work on a female football team, since in reality, even at the national level, the female football team do not really have any impact on girls in the country.
So it was a bit difficult and coupled with the abduction of
school girls, by Boko Haram, many parents and guardians were sceptical about letting girls play since they may not be safe. My team and I then thought to approach a certain school and we spoke to the principal of the school about playing football with her girls, she agreed and a date was fixed for us to meet with the girls.
The man in my team who will be coaching the girls was able to meet with them and here are some few photos of the girls happily playing first day of meeting, we shall agree on a convenient date and I shall be meeting with them myself also. In one of the photos is myself, my assistant Joyce and the Coach-Jumbo. I shall keep you posted now that we have started. Thanks and have a great time.
FOOTBALLS BRING HOPE
In difficult times, a person is saved by hope. Philosopher Menander the Greek said that. And Eliane Nascimento, a former football player in Brazil thought the same, when she created Estrela Sports, an NGO that reaches the narrow streets of Rocinha, the largest favela in Latin America, where she uses football as a weapon to social change among children and adolescents who grow up among violence, disorganization, illiteracy and poverty.
Eliane describes her projects: “We have two: one is called “Estrelas do Futuro” (Stars of the Future) boys and girls and “Boas de Bola” (Good with the ball) just girls.” The training and workshops meetings take place in a pitch at the Rocinha favela, where she already involved around 200 participants, all of them from 5 to 17 years. The idea, according to the history of the association, is to provide personal growth, professional and a better perspectives with no barriers, limits or gender differences; for that purpose she does social work –which is done in a double shift-, but which also comes from the desire to close the gap between the continuous tragedies and inequalities that women face in Brazil.
“We also have the mindset that women are very strong. I think that when we want something, we give everything to achieve it. When I went to Bolivia with the Brazilian embassy (in September 2011 where she spoke with girls soccer players) I saw there was hope in girls’ eyes with my presence so I told them ‘you can do more, you are not here just to clean the house, you can do sports as well’. I also spoke with their families to raise awareness between the difference in saying: ‘my daughter can do a sport’ and ‘my daughter can clean the pots and the house’. The project relies on family, if they don’t support the girls, it is difficult to get your goal”.
The Football World Cup that took place in her country cost 15 billion, almost three times more than South Africa’s 2010. But money and football, does not flow equitably to support men who play soccer and women on this Latin-American country. In fact, Eliane’s organization works regardless of the lack of financial resources. Among the few donations she has received, is the NIKE sports gear. Economic obstacles are also a limitation to get volunteers: They tarted with 15, today there are only five left. Besides, as well as other associations of its kind in the country,Estrela Sports is faced with the suspicion that this is money laundering.
That is why Eliane used to work in Barcelona where she lived five years and where she started the organization in 2009; her salary feeds her ‘idealism’ –says when referring to Estrela Sports in an interview with Diosas Olímpicas during its staying in Brazil–, “this is not only about helping” she adds. Sometimes she takes hand of her brother’s pocket, Guillermo, who works 70 hours a week in a construction factory.
Eliane: “My brother is my best volunteer” That is why Guillermo is important to Estrela Sports. “She doesn’t speak English, then she called me from Barcelona to travel together to Germany (June 2011) where Discover Football chose seven teams among forty, including the Estrela Sports Association, they took us to participate in an international tournament called Social World Cup, since that moment I got involved” says Gueillermo.
Participation in Germany, where the Brazilian team won- gave Eliane lot of momentum: “When I took the girls to Berlin via Discover Football, people who did not believe in women’s soccer began to do it, and they started to spread the word about us, because as a former player (Várzea FC, Regatas Botafogo, CR Flamengo and Santos) I know what women have gone through, it means I can help to achieve dreams,” she says.
For now Eliane is promoting Estrela Sports by this ‘Diga Sem au Futebol Femenino’ campaign, captured in t-shirts that cost 20 reais (10 dls.) She calls on the attention of journalists, artists, prominent players in order to create more visibility in the media, such as participating in many tournaments because “with this mentality we have to work from grassroots, I think we are starting to move women’s soccer in my country”.
DO: “You don’t earn money with Estrela Sports, what motivates you?”
Eliane: “To believe that life is much more than just money, we know when we die we don’t take anything with us and just to see the joy of children in my project and knowing that I’m giving them a chance to life it makes feel I can die happy. “
DO: “How many ‘no’ have you received?”
Eliane: (Laughs) … “I have received many ‘no’ in my life and precisely with Estrela Sports, but also ‘yes’ which are very rewarding because there are people who do not help me financially like my volunteers, or people who I meet in events; I always tell them ‘we plant seeds to pick up in the future’.
It’s one o’clock in the morning and Eliane –who gave Diosas Olímpicas the interview outside a restaurant where after ten years she met Caitlin Fisher and Bia Vaz, former player of Santos- still has that fresh scent that spreads energy. Caitlin, another tough social activist of women’s soccer co-founder of Guerreiras Project, says:
“We were team mates but I had no idea what she was working on. We both are doing social projects and we would like to work together, but we know how hard is it. “
DO: “What’s next for Estrela Sports?”
Eliane: “Going to Barcelona to study leadership and management in the best universities, so I would be able to support Estrela Sports to connect it with other companies that are very strong, we need partnerships.
Discover Football for me is doing something very important to bring people togehter and organize conferences, people who work towards the same goal. We already participated twice in Brazil, one in Nike Hims and other in Nike Street Football, but what happened to those meetings is that people end up getting out of touch, because not too many people think that it is better to work together, we need to be more confident and collaborate more.
DO: “Have you ever felt tired?”
Eliane: “I think there are high and low moments, but the ‘high’ are much better. I have traveled a lot and need the smiles of children, and the conquest we earn each year. Today is a lot of work for me because I am hundred percent working on the NGO and four volunteers helping me, but they have other jobs on the side. There was a plunge because suddenly we had no more time and I felt alone, but now I see that it changed.”
ESTRELA SPORTS & FC BARCELONA
Estrela Sports, la Asociación No Gubernamental nacida en Barcelona y desarrollada también en Brasil, movida por el corazón de Eliane Nascimento (activista del futbol femenil y miembro de Discover Football) consiguió el apoyo de la Fundación del FC Barcelona para la realización del siguiente video, una llamado a la solidaridad bajo un solo lema: “Diga sí al futbol femenino”. Ayúdanos, apóyanos! dice una de las jugadoras con el fin de seguir abriendo caminos.
Estrela Sports, an NGO borned in Barcelona and also developed in Brasil, which was created by Eliane Nascimento’s heart (activist of women’s football and member of Discover Football) got supported by the FC Barcelona Foundation to make this video, a call for the solidarity under one lemma: “Diz Sim ao Futebol Feminino” (say yes to women’s football). “Help us, support us”, says one of the participants in order to keep opening roads.
HOMOPHOBIA, ‘THE ISSUE’
By Olga Trujillo
One of the biggest challenges of Discover Football is forming new female roles of girls and women who can do sport without being discriminated against for any reason.
That is why one of the panel discussion on the campaign was about homophobia, a ‘sensitive’ topic, since the participant not exactly defended its position according to the laws of their country, but based on their culture and idiosyncrasies.
“Culture is based on homophobia, sexism, violence against women and even though the doctrine of the Catholic Church is very strong, more and more people are going out the closets and they are proud of it” said activist and ambassador for Amnesty International in Brazil, Jandira Queiroz, invited to one of the debates.
The doors, however, can’t be open in all countries. The issue even means “14 years of prison in Nigeria if someone is homosexual” said Tal Nabiye a Nigerian founder of the Initiative for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and Children (IEVAWC) in her country, where girls hardly play soccer.
The campaigner of Cameroon, Ufei Nseke, who coaches a group of boys and girls to play soccer, also gave her view: “In my country, women have been fighting for their rights for such a long time, and little has been done to make them heard, but now the West tries to impose to countries to recognize same-sex marriage…?” said the also the news TV presenter at the Cameroon Radio and Television Corporation (CRTV), who although wants to hold men’s and women’s events simultaneously, also opposes to the idea that women players follows manly patterns in their dress.
Ufei’s question, however, in Mexico City, looks like the same 12 thousand miles away that divides the two cities, where since four years ago people with the same sex can marry, as in some U.S. states where football soccer is seen as ‘women’s sport’. In fact, in 16 countries (in which are those of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay campaigners) there are some first laws that are close to the condition of the U.S. and Mexico. Different realities.
The homophobia issue organized by Discover Foobtall, fit in a long night, which determined that positions are not one against each other, but simply exist. It is a world with more than seven million people.
By Olga Trujillo
Mouth covered. As a protest due to low participation of women in management positions football in general, and also the little attention and financial support that still stigmatizes women in most of the countries, activists, journalists and footballers whom participated on the Discover Football campaign, took action in the streets of Praca Da Cinelandia, Rio de Janeiro, in order to raise awareness of the barriers faced by female players in such country and abroad.
Several women and girls spectators were invited to play and agreed to do it even without shoes; the symbolic intention of drawing more women to the pitch, was successful. The group of 20 participants from Discover Football campaign, also organized two teams on Copacabana beach.
Blonde Hair vs Dark Hair were the teams whose ranks had former players of the now defunct Brazilian team Santos – better known as’ Pelé’ – such as Caitlin Fisher (was born in Boston) and ‘Bia’ Baz from Sao Paulo and also the former Colombia National Team, Juliana Lozano.
Their spectacular game and the announcement of several participants glued on t-shirts with the words “Também” (well) and “Tão Bem” (very good), caught the attention of international media like the BBC and Claro Sports among others, who realized interviews in the eyes of curious local people who also came to ask about the act.
Visibility, equity, motivation, courage, empowerment, were just some of the words written on pieces of cardboards by the participants –in portuguese and english–. No rules stopped the game. Only those which day by day all this women face in their countries and try to brake. Go, go, go.
Por: Olga Trujillo
Para: Discover Football campaign
My name is Olga Trujillo, I live in Mexico City and I am a campaigner for Discover Football´s campaign on women´s football and empowerment.
“I want to point out the representation of women in sports in my country and also in the world, to give them visibility and to keep struggling for their rights to be part of the sports news and become new female role models”.
Seven years ago I started to work at a sports journal where I got the opportunity to cover women’s soccer. But, “nobody cares about women’s football!” the editors said, when I started writing about the Women’s National Team. The feeling of being discriminated against although I was not a football player, let me conclude that I had to do something to change that.
The sports journal fired me and although I was still determined to write about women and football, the plan was pending for now.
I worked in a restaurant, had two children, became a housewife, worked as a freelancer for a magazine and took online classes. It seemed, as I was getting further away from my plan.
But with the children growing up and the idea of focusing on women in sport still lingered in my head.
I used to play basketball and remember how my mother advised me to better clean the house and not waste energy playing basketball. And I realized there were many women who practice high performance sport, but they are not visible in mass media at all.
That is why I came up with my blog Diosas Olimpicas to report on women and sport as my contribution to increase visibility and attention to women in sports. I dedicate my writing to all those women who hardly see their names in sports newspapers.
Old co-workers asked me about getting a “real” job and I realized that writing about women and sport from home is not considered being “productive” in my country, and of course I wish I could earn some money doing what I like to do the most. I am therefore happy to get the opportunity to go to Brazil with Discover Football and get credit for my work. It is my first payment.
In fact, when I told my relatives that I had earned a trip to Brazil – a work trip that is related toDiosas Olímpicas and women’s football, as typical Mexicans, they had doubts and thought it is a joke!
Some of them still think that I like wasting my time, and they wish they could see me going out everyday towards an office, earning money. I would tell them: I am happy with this, with my ‘beautiful’ thoughts and I’ll see you after I come back from Brazil.
TOP TEN MOMENTS OF WOMEN BRAZILIAN’S FOOTBALL
Football in Brazil has been practiced for over a hundred years (1894). However, in the case of women, only half of that time belong to them. To be visible, have gone through the illegality to glory.
Illegal to play
1. As early as 1975 there were reports of women, many of them maids in the surrounding duplexes, playing football in their time off. This was an illegal act. In 1941 Getulio Vargas’s national sports council had banned women’s football, and barred them from martial arts and boxing, the pole vault and the triple jump. All were deemed unsuitable. Twenty years later the same arguments were being reproduced through Brazil’s coaching and sports administration colleges.
Abnormal to watch women playing
2. One of them was Walter Areno, a lecturer in the army’s physical education school, wrote in a 1962 paper: ‘It is inappropriate for a female to participate in sports where there is physical contact, such as the infamous female soccer or futsal. It is abnormal to watch 20 women (as two are goalkeepers) running around a ball in ungraceful and rough conditions.
Women’s underground teams
3. Despite this, women’s teams were playing as late as 1949; two women’s sides from Pelotas, Vila Hilda FC and Corinthians FC, packed the small stadiums in Rio Grande do Sul and charged entrance money. But with the closure of these clubs in the early 1950’s women, who had once been a central element of the Brazilian football crowd, were almost entirely marginalized. Though female fans continued to attend games, Betty Milan’s recollections were probably closer to the norm: a world in which women were not included in the football conversation but were expected to serve the coffee.
Ban revoked, first championship
4. The ban was revoked in 1979, and at a speed at least the equivalent to the male football mania of the early twentieth century, women’s football took off: the sports press were reporting over 3, 000 teams by the early 1980’s. In 1981 Rio was the first to hold a women’s state championship and eleven other states followed in the next couple of years.
5. In 1984 Sao Cristóvao and Tomazinho had to cancel a game because both wore white shirts and neither could afford change strips. There was almost no money available to support women’s football from clubs, the CBF or the lottery. In fact most clubs made the team the responsibility of the social rather than the sporting wing of the institution.
Sexualization of the women’s game
6. Equally probematical was the tendency for television and the press to trivialize and sexualize the women’s game. Globo, keen to shape the phenomenon, created the Globettes from their roster of TV celebrities. The women’s Copa do Brasil, which was meant to help choose the national women’s team, was treated like a fashion show. Gazeta Sportiva saw it like this:
“Fingernails red polish, shiny lipstick, hairdo, black shorts and yellow jersey: that is Neusa Cavalheiro’s look. Braids decorated with colorful beads, the hairdo launched by Stevie Wonder enhanced the beauty of Mocicade Independente’s charming samba dancer, Cilda, who was also wearing shorts and jersey in the blue and yellow colors. But the two of them were not part of a samba school rehearsal show, they were on a football pitch.
7. The collapse of organized women’s football in Brazil in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s began to be repaired in the 2000’s. Football clubs started up women’s teams and the CBF, against its own instincts, found itself locked into global and regional women’s international tournaments that necessitated creating a minimal programme of national women’s teams.
Generation of talented players
8. A whole generation of dedicated and talented women had emerged, scrapping it out in the male worlds of the street, the pelada, and the five-a-side pickup game. What there was, however, was a simply remarkable level of sexism, in which the women’s game was consistently framed in terms of men’s erotic and TV advertising revenue.
Federation and the ‘esthetic’
9. This was all clearly expressed in 2001 when the Sao Paulo Football Federation put on its own women’s competition –the Paulistina– promising a ‘good and beautiful championship’ that would unite ‘femininity and football’. Rather than recruiting from existing clubs and sides, the federation chose the participants at huge trials. In practice players with cropped hair were banned, blonde players were given preference and all had to be less than twenty-three years old.
Achievements and Marta’s power
10. Despite the unrepentant sexism of Brazilian men’s football and the callous disregard of the women’s game by the CBF, the number and quality of women football players grew and they were good enough to take two silvers at the Athens and Beijing Olympics, and to win the Pan-American games in Rio in 2007.
Marta, the team’s leading striker, was FIFA’s female player of the year five times in a row, a feat no man has correspondingly managed. Brazil rewarded her prowess by making Marta one of the official ambassadors for the 2014 World Cup, but typically among the leading women players, it was Sweden and the United States that allowed her to earn a small living from the game.
This information was taken from the book:
“Futeball Nation, the story of Brazil through soccer”. By English writer David Goldblatt.
LA REALIZACIÓN DE UN SUEÑO
“Human being are accustomed to living with dreams. The majority of our dreams will stay dreams until the end, while some of them do end up becoming reality”.
“Los seres humanos están acostumbrados a vivir con sueños. La mayoría de esos sueños se quedarán así hasta el final, mientras que algunos de ellos terminan en realidad”
Son las palabras de la periodista iraní Shokoofeh Mousavi, una de las integrantes de la campaña Discover Football quien rumbo al Mundial de Brasil 2014 escribió una nota sobre cómo una noche de verano frente a la televisión mirando a Brasil e Italia en la final del Mundial de 1994, cuando ella tenía apenas siete años, le tatuó un deseo en la mente: “Quiero ir a un Mundial”, pensó para sí misma. Sin saber ni por qué, ni cuando, ni haciendo qué, la respuesta llegó con Discover; su tatuaje es hoy más nítido que nunca. Los deseos son órdenes.
Nota en inglés en:
Shokoofeh Mousavi es la primera y la única mujer periodista iraní de la Asociation Internationale de la Presse Sportive (AIPS)
SOCCER BALLS INSTEAD OF GUNS
By Olga Trujillo
Seven months remained in the womb of her mother. The doctor gave little hope of life, but the willpower is something that cannot be predicted. She is already thirteen years old. Her name is Zaira Guerrero, she plays football with boys and lives in one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in Guadalajara, “La Jalisco”, a place where –by its geography and social dynamics– seems a pot where drug trafficking is cooking.
“My neighborhood is a troubled place, there are gangsters, but patrols do their work at night and, if they see someone suspicious, they take him away”, says Zaira to Diosas Olímpicas to show the way she reassures herself.
Documents confirm this: Most of the crimes in the area have been committed through the gangs. The University of Guadalajara published in its Gaceta (2013) criminal maps where they identified 67 gangs in the municipality of Tonalá, nine of which belong to ‘La Jalisco’.
Zaira’s profile, an unprotected girl in a neighborhood such as ‘La Jalisco’, was a perfect target for Glorias del Deporte, a government initiative that involves soccer balls instead of guns and which lasted four months (September to December 2013). In 13 states of the Mexican Republic within colonies similar to Zaira’s, 21 academies leaded by twenty famous former football players -some of them participated at previous World Cups for Mexico– and only one woman former player of the national team, Fátima Leyva, were elected to give football training supplemented with information about violence, sexuality, life project, leadership, among others. The goal: keep away teenagers from drugs and crime and attract them to sport; a tough battle, because the reality is that Mexico lives a war against drug trafficking.
‘El Tiburón’ Joel Sanchez, former World Cup Mexican player in France ’98, was in charge of the academy of ‘La Jalisco’. He was also player from the Chivas team of Guadalajara, one of the most popular teams in Mexico. With the same precision he used to look after the area, Joel describes his experience at Glorias del Deporte:
“We are eager for healthy youth, is the key to our future. I trained 70 children, 35 per turn –morning and evening-,” says ‘El Tiburón’, who ensures that when the cycle ended, there were others kids on the waiting list.
The former football player, who describes Zaira as a punctual and orderly child, also speaks about how she joined among children because it is “a girl very self-sufficient, with plenty of character, strong, she challenged boys and did not minimize to herself, not even in the court, or in the workshops!”
Zaira’s father is a worker at a glass factory and his mother, Margarita Saldaña, attends an ‘cyber-cofee’ located at their own home, a task with which financially she can support the family, but Zaira receives a particular back: “She is a leader that stands out in everything she does”. Zaira’s situation is more special, a girl who is pushed by her character and willpower, became the only woman who finished the course in the evening group of Tonalá, a situation that none of the remaining 20 schools happened (in Campeche, south of the country, 27 girls were enrolled).
In fact the total number of girls participating in the program was 228, which means, only 15.67 per cent compared to 1,217 boys, a negligible participation considering that for 35 years the country has 2.6 million more women than males.
The main obstacles Zaira have to face in order to play were at home: “People have the bad idea that football is for men, according to my dad is for ‘machos’’”, says the high school student about a situation that in Mexico is very similar to the constant with few variables. In fact her mother is overwhelming: “Zaira’s father was very angry when I enrolled her in the program, he thought they were going to disrespect her”.
The dribbling that constantly Zaira makes to the misadventures of her environment, gets blurred when she faces its present: “I saw the Under 17 Female Team when they were eliminated by Japan (in March this year through TV). They motivate me and at the same time they make me feel sad because I am thirteen years old now and I do not see any improvement, I do not have a specific club, but anyways, I am not going to give up… maybe when I get older I’ll debut. My dream is to be a football player but if I fail, I would be a lawyer”, says the teenager who was wanted by the coach of the neighborhood to be part on one of the boys football teams who, like her, are looking to leave the inactivity and from the trap more attractive with a face known in every corner of the country: drug trafficking.
TIJUANA, THE MEXICAN GATE ON THE BORDERS
A little over two thousand miles from Tonalá is Tijuana, Mexico’s gate at the border, known as the bridge to move drugs into the United States, recruit children for drug trafficking and even to see them migrate alone to escape the violence in their country despite being less than 13 years old.
From there, the also World Cup in USA ’99, Fátima Leyva, was responsible for stopping the goals of the crime and led to nearly 50 teenagers, including 15 girls. Poor coordination of areas and reluctance from civil associations to spread the word, left much to be desired for the former player, whose idea about the project “is one of the best” but it should be taken out correctly. “It was a great experience”, she says “you really want to understand what they live. There are kids whose parents don’t pay attention on them, some of them don’t have relatives and they live alone or with other children. It was very hard to understand something I never lived”.
A child who hardly spoke, a young girl who had background of cutting her veins, another that committed theft and one more that abuse of a young woman, were just some of the profiles of the teenagers –all of them under 15 years– who came to the call of Glorias. An abyss to cross without shoes.
The former player ended her participation in the project to test on December last year; actually she is planning an organization where “to teach girls how to play soccer because it is easier to work with them –than with adults—“, a way to find something she can support herself, as she said.
Jocelyn, one of the former students of Fátima, dreams about being a football player or a photographer in the future. All her friends –including her– are expecting Glorias del Deporte to return; their monotonous routine of daily life is something they want to change: “The only thing I do is to come home from school, do my homework, play around with my friends, check my social networks, I take a shower and go to bed”.
Jocelyn’s mother works on cleaning other people’s homes and her father has a liver disease that does not allow him to have an income. Both saw that Glorias del Deporte could open perspectives to their daughter. The biggest fail they found as well as “Tiburón” Sánchez was the proper continuity: “The project was great, but only lasted four months. Hopefully it comes back and stay indefinitely”, says the player.
That is one of the most widespread complaints. Some people say Glorias del Deporte are just false hope disguised as a political act. But for Mariángela ‘Beba’ Guzmán, the eye behind the documentary that portrayed the hard stories that live in neighborhoods Futbol, Escuela de Vida (Football, School of Life), such hopes are always valid: “A very good conscientious was generated, and there was a clear change among the teenagers”.
She adds: “I didn’t feel rejection because the project came from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI); –actually it was part of the National Programme for Social Prevention of Violence and Crime– the only complications were in the operative question. Yes there were people from the PRI Academy, sponsors, but nothing else; I would have done the project regardless of who came. The drug war starts on the necessities. The best way to combat it is preventing”, she proclaims.
The fact is that Glorias del Deporte will knock new doors in its second edition on July the first, maybe this time there will be 80 academies, all of them with the same line of the first 21, the same intention and maybe a better participation -hopefully of women also-. Let’s wait to see who dominates the ball better: if social breakdown or spirit of the young people who have not yet decided what team is playing better.
Independent Sport Journalist
Quedó lista la declaración de la Conferencia organizada por Discover Football a llevarse a cabo en Brasil; las personas involucradas están comprometidas con desarrollar buenas prácticas, información y contenidos respecto al futbol femenil con el fin de darle una mayor visibilidad en el mundo.
Se acerca el Mundial de Futbol y en Diosas Olímpicas queremos que las mujeres, que normalmente son espectadoras, pasen del otro lado de la cancha y se vuelvan protagonistas. Por eso y porque ya tenemos el boleto que nos llevará directo a Brasil, donde se celebrará la Copa Mundialista, les compartimos los trabajos de las activistas, periodistas, futbolistas que formamos parte de la campaña de Discover Football (Fundación Alemana) quienes luchamos por los derechos de las mujeres y por la equidad de género dentro del deporte que une al mundo, pero al mismo tiempo aún separa a la mujer.
“Dado que hay una distina valoración con respecto a la participación de hombres y mujeres dentro del futbol, existe un desafío, pero no se trata de invertir la relación de dominación, sino buscar la igualdad”
Gloria Careaga, especialista en temas de género (doctora) UNAM
The Football World Cup gets closer and Diosas Olimpicas want that women, who normally are spectators, jump the walls and play as protagonists. Because of that, and because we already have the ticket to fly direct to Brazil, where the World Cup will take place, we are sharing the work of the activists, journalists and football players whom will be part of the Discover Football Campaign (German Foundation) and who fight for women’s rights and for gender equity through the sport that joins the world but at the same time still separates women: football.
“Men and women are evaluated in different ways inside their participation in football. So there is a challenge, but that doesn’t mean that we have to invert the dominant relations, it is about look for equity”.
Gloria Careaga, specialized in gender issues, UNAM.
Así se juega en Brasil. La organización Guerrerias, utiliza al futbol como herramienta de diálogo mediante el cual trata temas de género. Este es un video de su trabajo, ideal para comenzar a calentar motores.
Sigue a @GuerreirasEN
MUJERES CON PELOTAS EN INGLÉS (ENGLISH VERSIÓN)
La película “Mujeres Con pelotas” trata de un equipo de fútbol de mujeres en un barrio pobre de Buenos Aires. La lucha para reclamar el espacio para jugar y para que las niñas hagan lo que aman a pesar de todos los obstáculos y prejuicios que enfrentan. Juliana es de Argentina, forma parte de nuestro equipo de es una de las entrevistadas en la película también. “Las Aliadas dela 31” es su equipo y el cual organizó el estreno de la película de la semana pasada en la barriada.